Osteoarthritis is one of the main conditions that lead to disability and lack of productivity at work. In Australia, osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent and costly condition that affects around 2.2 million people, approximately 1 in 12 Australians.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is sometimes referred to as degenerative joint disease, degenerative arthritis or wear-and-tear arthritis.
What is Osteoarthritis?
This type of arthritis is a long lasting joint condition that effects the cartilage (or the connective tissue) found at the end of bones in the joints. As this cartilage wears down through repeated stress and use, it becomes frayed and rough with the protective space between the bones decreasing. This results in the bones rubbing against each other, causing swelling, stiffness and pain. It makes sense then that osteoarthritis is mostly diagnosed in people over 40 years of age, with less frequent occurrences in young people.
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